Wild flowers play an important role in the support of native animals and insects. They also make our gardens beautiful and colorful. If you have sufficient room in your garden, you can plant wildflower seeds and create your own colorful meadow but if you don’t, you can still plant the wildflowers in small areas such as the strip of land between the driveway and the property line. Below is guide on how to plant wildflowers. (PS. Not sure where to buy supplies? Start at Home Depot’s Lawn & Garden section!)
1. When to Sow
Verify the last day you had frost and plant the seeds after this has passed. One advantage of this is that the seeds will not sprout until spring hence they will not have to encounter spring freezing.
2. Preparing the land
Wildflowers do not need any special kind of soil unless the soil you are about to plant them on is sterile. The soil only needs to be light and well drained. Ensure you have cleared it by digging up everything that was growing on it. Turn the soil and rake the area flat. In case it happens that the area has never been gardened; you might need to till the area to remove any growth. Also remember to choose a place where the plant can get 6 or more hours of direct sun daily.
3. Look for Wildflowers That are Suitable for Your Area
Most wildflowers are annual and they will quickly bloom heavily once they have been planted. Many of them are self sowing. Poppies, cornflowers and cosmos are examples of annual wildflowers.
Perennials wildflowers create a root system and come back every year. Perennials are capable of lasting for decades and continue to spread every year. Unlike annuals, perennials take a longer time to sprout and bloom. Some of the examples of perennials include Purple coneflowers, coreopsis and daisies.
Biennials sprout in one season and will not bloom until the following year. They will later be killed by frost but given the fact they self seed, they will still sprout in spring. Some of the examples of biennials include sweet Williams and Black eyed Susans.
4. Plant Your Wildflower Seed Using the Split Sand Method
First and foremost: divide the seed in half. Secondly, mix one of the seed with around 10 parts of light sand or vermiculate to one part seed. Thirdly, choose a day that there is no wind in order to be able to determine where your wildflower seeds will settle. After that, sow your seed over the prepared site. The light color of the vermiculite or sand will show you where the seed has fallen. Repeat the same procedure with the second half filling in the missed spots. Lastly, press the seed into the soil by walking or rolling over the planted area. Ensure you don’t cover the seed with more sand as it will prevent them from easily sprouting.
Plant your wildflower garden or meadow near water source. This will come in handy during a dry spell or even longer droughts. Ensure you water so that the soil is moist but not soaking wet until the seedlings are about 4-6 feet tall. After that, the seedlings can survive on natural rains. Wetting the seeds also ensures that the seed is not blown away.
Mostly wildflowers grow naturally and do not need any fertilizers. However, if you choose to fertilize them, choose a fertilizer that has little nitrogen.